Academic Work


TEACHING (also in the Departments of Linguistics and Anthropologgy):

  • Russian Language
  • Russian Linguistics
  • Slavic Linguistics
  • General Linguistics

SUPERVISION (Bachelor’s, Master’s, Doctorate):

  • Own Department
  • Other Departments


Henry Kreisel Teaching Award, Departments of Modern Languages and Cultural Studies & Comparative Studies in Literature, Religion, Film and Media Studies, University of Alberta, for 1998-1999  awarded Feb. 2000.


  • Russian Linguistics
  • Slovenian Linguistics (especially: description of the dialect of Sele,  Koroška/Carinthia/Kärnten, Austria)
  • Sociolinguistics of language loss and language retention by minority language speakers, especially in Austria
  • General Linguistics in other areas






TEACHING: (number of times taught)

  • Russian Language

Language Courses (9), Translation (12)

  • Russian Linguistics

Phonetics, Phonology, Morphology (23), History (3), other (2)

  • Slavic Linguistics

Old Church Slavic (7), Comparative & Contrastive (11), History through old texts (8), Sociolinguistics (6), Child Language (1); Structure of Slovenian (5)

  • General Linguistics

Minority Languages (2), Sociolinguistics (1), Historical Linguistics (1)

SUPERVISION (Bachelor’s, Master’s, Doctorate) (see also

  • Own Department:

B.A. (Honours with thesis)  6 students

M.A. (Co-)Supervisor: 16 students. Committee member: 14 students

Ph.D. (Co-)Supervisor: 9 students. Committee member: 6 students

  • Other Departments

M.A./M.Sc./M.Ed. Committee member: 9 students

Ph.D. Committee member:5 students


Henry Kreisel Teaching Award, Departments of Modern Languages and Cultural Studies, University of Alberta awarded Feb. 2000.



Sele, Carinthia, Austria, and neighbouring areas (total: over 10 months). Ljubljana (1988, 1992, 1993, 1994; total about 15 weeks). Sofia, Bulgaria (1993, 1994: total about 4 weeks)


  • Russian Linguistics

“Styles of pronunciation in Contemporary Standard Russian,” Journal of Russian Studies1970.

“Spelling-pronunciations in Modern Russian,” Journal of Russian Studies1979.

[with B.L. Derwing] Reading Rules for Russian. A Systematic Approach to Russian Spelling and Pronunciation, with Notes on Dialectal and Stylistic Variation. Columbus OH, 1980.

[with F. Dreizin] “A systematic approach to Russian obscene language,” Russian Linguistics1982.

[with Bruce L. Derwing & B.L. Rochet] “The description of spelling-to-sound relationships in English, French and Russian: Progress, Problems and Prospects,” P. Luelsdorff, ed., Orthography and Phonology. Amsterdam, 1987.

“On levels of analysis of sound symbolism in poetry, with an application to Russian poetry,” in L. Hinton, J. Nichols and J.J. Ohala, eds., Sound Symbolism, Cambridge, 1994.

[with Zoran Starčević] “The first sociolinguistic description of the phonetics of Russian,” The Slavonic and East European Review, 1997.

[with Yuri Novikov] “Gender differentiation in personal and professional titles in Contemporary Russian,” Journal of Slavic Linguistics, 2000.

[with B.L.Derwing] Pronunciation Rules for Russian. A Systematic Approach for Converting Russian Spelling to Sound.  Bloomington IN, 2010.

  • Slovenian Linguistics: Dialects in Austria

“A  note on the glottal stop,” Phonetica, 1976.

“Consonant alternations in the dialect of Sele Fara,” Papers in Slovene Studies 1976, New York, 1977.

“Variation on an alternation: the fate of the ‘kasna palatalizacija’ in Sele Fara, Carinthia,” Slovene Studies, 1980.

“*k + dative in a Carinthian Slovene dialect,” Folia Slavica, 1982.

“Slovene and German in contact: some lexical analyses,” Canadian Contributions to the IX Congress of Slavists, Toronto, 1983.

“Nasalization in the Slovene dialect of Sele Fara,” Wiener Slawistischer Almanach, 1983.

“O popolni izgubi srednjega spola v selščini: enodobni opis,” Slavistična revija, 1984.

“O popolni izgubi srednjega spola v selščini: raznodobna rekonstrukcija,” Slavistična revija, 1984.

“A sound-change in progress: Generational, spatial and lexical diffusion in the Sele dialect of Carinthian Slovene,” Pontes Slavici. Festschrift für Stanislaus Hafner. Graz, 1986.

“Accelerated grammatical change in Carinthian Slovene: Dialect mixture, or `linguistic decay’?” Canadian Slavonic Papers, 1988.

[with Gerald Stone] “Carinthian Slovene in the archives of the Deutscher Sprachatlas: Unpublished materials,” Oxford Slavonic Papers, 1992.

“Isačenko’s Narečje vasi Sele na Rožu: an assessment after half a century,” Slavistična revija,1994.

“O potrebnosti mnogostranskega obravnavanja sociolingvističnih razmer na Koroškem in drugje,” 65-68 in K. Gádanyi, ed., Nemzetközi szlavisztikai napok V. Szombathely, 1995.

“John Gumperz’s Data from Ziljska Bistrica: Some Corrections,” Slovenski jezik. Slovene Linguistic Studies, 2005.

“Gender change, local markedness, and speculations on the dual,” in G.E. Wiebe, G. Libben et al., eds., Phonology, Morphology and the Empirical Imperative: Papers in Honour of Bruce Derwing, Taipei City, 2006.

“On a recent article  on developments in gender in Slovene dialects. A personal note,” Slovenski jezik. Slovene Linguistic Studies, 2007.

[with Grant Lundberg] “Pitch Oppositions in Sele: SloveneTone Loss in Austrian Carinthia,” Slovenski jezik. Slovene Linguistic Studies, 2009.

“There’s a caterpillar in my beer but I don’t care’: How to describe the Slovene dialect of Sele in Austrian Carinthia”, in A. Leben et al., eds.,  Beiträge zur interdisciplinären Slowenistik. Graz: 2014.

[with Eva Wohlfarter] “An apparent sound change proved real thirty years later: The Slovene dialect of Sele/Zell in Austria,” D.L. Dyer et al. eds, Od Chikago i nazad. Papers to Honor Victor A. Friedman on the Occasion of his Retirement, Balkanistica, 2015.

“Word order patterns with mobile adverbs and with short pronouns in a Slovenian dialect in Austria,” Balkanistica 32.1: 135-170 [= Donald L. Dyer, Brian D, Joseph & Mary-Allen Johnson, eds., The Current State of Balkan Linguistics: Celebrating Twenty Years of the Kenneth E. Naylor Lectures].

  • Slovenian Linguistics: Other

“Verb-productivity: evidence from three varieties of Slovene,” Slovene Studies, 1987.

“Baudouin de Courtenay’s description of the zasopli vokali in the Rezijan dialect,” Prace filologiczne, 1988.

“Sound structures in the Second Freising Fragment,” 75-85 in J.Toporišič, ed., Srednji vek v slovenskem jeziku, kjniževnosti in kulturi. Ljubljana, 1989.

“Slovene,” in B.Comrie & G.G. Corbett, eds., The Slavonic Languages. London, 1993.

“Slovene,” in R.E. Asher & J.M. Simpson, eds., The Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics. Oxford, 1994.

“The nature of derivational productivity: Evidence from Slovene and Bulgarian,” in I. Press, ed.,Festschrift for Professor C.L. Drage. London, 1995.

“Zvočnost in tematika pri Milki Hartman: Vaja v analitični metodi,” Slavistična revija, 1997.

“On derivational productivity in Slovene, with notes on lexical frequency and awareness of the norm,”   Slovenski jezik. Slovene Linguistic Studies, 1999.

“The Slovene language,” 748-749 in R.Frucht, ed.,Encyclopedia of Eastern Europe. From the Conquest of Vienna to the Fall of Communism. New York, 2000

“The linguistic evidence for the Veneti theory,”  Slovenia, 2001.

“Vandali, Veneti, Vindišarji (pasti amaterske historične lingvistike),” Slavističn revija, 2001.

“Sound symbolism in the rhymes of Krst pri Savici,” in M. Juvan, ed., Obdobje 19. Romantična pesnitev, Ljubljana, 2002.

“O venetščini in slovenščini. Z vidika osuplega jezikoslovca,” Delo. Priloga ‘Znanost’, 2003.

  • Sociolinguistics in Austria

“The influence of topic and other factors on language selection,” Grazer Linguistische Studien, 1980.

“Attitudes to language among German/Slavic bilinguals in Southern Austria,” Roots and Realities among Eastern and Central Europeans, Edmonton, 1983.

“Cultural consciousness and political nationalism: Determinants of language-choice in Carinthia,” Canadian Review of Studies in Nationalism, 1989.

“Jezikovna izbira na Koroškem: dva paradoksa,” Nova revija, 1988.

“‘Our dialect sounds stupid:’ the importance of attitudes to so-called sub-standard language codes as a factor in the (non)-retention of Slovene in Carinthia, Austria,” 135-148 in D. Gorter, et al., eds., Fourth International Conference on Minority Languages. II, Clevedon, 1990.

“Surrender to symbolic domination, or resistance: patterns of language-use among Slovene-speakers in two different Carinthian communities,” Slovene Studies, 1990.

“Problems in the creation of an orthography: functional load, interference and political preferences,” Slavic & East European Journal, 1992.

“The case of the Slovene minority in Austria,” Slovene Studies, 1992.

“Effects of educational and social mobility on language maintenance, language attitudes and language structure: The case of Sele in Carinthia,” Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 1994.

“Strategien zur Entschuldigung des Unentschuldbaren. Politische Umdeutungen ethnischer Bezeichnungen in slowenischen Minderheitsgebieten Österreichs und Ungarns,” in C. Stenner, ed., Steirische Slowenen. Zweisprachigkeit zwischen Graz und Maribor. Graz, 1994.

“Denial of ethnic identity: The political manipulation of beliefs about language in Slovene minority areas of Austria and Hungary,” Slavic Review 1996.

“On the etymology of the ethnic slur Tschusch,” Journal of Slavic Linguistics, 1996.

“On the development of the ‘Windischentheorie’,” International Journal of the Sociology of Language, 1997.

“The Slovene minority population in Carinthia and Styria in 1927: Some new data,” Österreichische Osthefte1997.

“Dialect literature: Its importance in the maintenance of a minority language (Slovene in Austria),” in B. Synak et al., eds., Language Minorities and Minority Languages in the Changing Europe. Gdansk, 1997.

“Slowenische Dialektliteratur in Kärnten,” in J. Strutz et al., eds.,Profile der neueren slowenischen Literatur in Kärnten, Klagenfurt, 1998.

“Koroščina, Kajkavica and Kaszëbskå gådka: The sociolinguistics of ‘dialect literature’ in minority language areas,” Canadian Slavonic Papers1998.

“The position of the Slovenes in Austria: Recent developments in political (and other) attitudes,” Nationalities Papers. 1999.

“Linguistic propaganda against perceived irredentism,” International Journal of Applied Linguistics, 1999.

“Sociolingvistični položaj slovenščine na avstrijskem Koroškem,” Koroški etnološki zapisi,1999.

“Slovene in Austria,” J. Wirrer, ed., Minderheiten- und Regionalsprachen in Europa.Wiesbaden, 2000.

“Some anomalies in diachronic morphology, and an explanation using ‘markedness reversal’,” 323-37 in V. A. Friedman et al., eds, Of All the Slavs My Favorites: In Honor of Howard I. Aronson on the Occasion of His 66thBirthday.Bloomington IN, 2002.

“Maintenance of Slovene in Carinthia (Austria): Grounds for guarded optimism?,” Canadian Slavonic Papers, 2003.

“The contributions of discourse analysis to research on the Slovene minority situation in Carinthia. A review essay,” Slovene Studies 2001.

[with Meghan McKinnie] “Telling tales out of school: Assessing linguistic competence in minority language fieldwork,” Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 2004.

“John Gumperz’s Description of the Sociolinguistic Situation in Ziljska Bistrica: Some Corrections,” 440-451 in M. Jesenšek et al., eds., Jezikovna predanost. Akademiku prof. dr. Jožetu Toporišiču ob 80-letnici.  Maribor, 2006.

[with Megan McKinnie & Katherine Hunter] “The contribution of language use, language attitudes and language competence to minority language maintenance:  A report from Austrian Carinthia,” Journal of Slavic Linguistics, 2009.

From Phonological Analysis at my Desk to Linguistic Activism with Slovene in the Austrian Alps Oxford MS, 2014.

  • Linguistics in other areas

“Subgrouping in comparative reconstruction,” Anthropological Linguistics, 1973.

“Schleicher, Čelakovsky´ and the family-tree diagram,” Historiographia Linguistica, 1976.

“One idiosyncratic strategy in the acquisition of phonology,” Journal of Child Language, 1977.

“Language loyalty: problems in language maintenance among Central and East European ethnic groups in Canada,” in Second Banff Conference on Central and East European Studies, Edmonton, 1978.

“Affective sound-change in Early Slavic,” in Canadian Contributions to the VIII International Congress of Slavists, Ottawa, 1978.

“The fate of some ethnonyms in Czech,” Maledicta, 1979.

“Homonymy in child phonology,” Journal of Child Language, 1980.

“On ‘drift’ in Indo-European gender systems,” Journal of Indo-European Studies, 1984.

“On basic color terms in Early Slavic and Ukrainian,” Annals of the Ukrainian Academy of Arts and Sciences in the United States,1985.

“Explorations in the history of the theory of genetic relationship among Slavic scholars before 1800,” in Prekursorzy slowianskiego jezykoznawstwa porównawczego (do konca XVIII wieku), Wroclaw, 1986.

“Two urgent tasks facing Slavic linguistics,” Slavia. Časopis pro slovanskou filologii, 1996.

“Dialectology in the Slavic countries: An overview from its beginnings to the early twentieth century,” in S. Auroux, et al., eds., Geschichte der Sprachwissenschaften. History of the Language Sciences II.Berlin, 2002.

[with Nicholas Žekulin] “A history of Canadian Slavistics,” in: G. Brogi-Bercoff et al., Gonneau eds.. Beitrage zur Geschichte der Slawistik in den nichtslawischen Ländern.Vienna, 2005.

“On the role of pure chance in the formation of (micro-) standard languages,” 34-38 in A. Künnapa et al.,, eds.,  Mikrojazyki. Jazyki. Inter’jazyki. Sbornik v chest’ ordinarnogo professora Aleksandra Dmitrievicha Dulichenko, Tartu, 2006.

“On the Diffusion of Romanian mai in Ukrainian Dialects,” Balkanistica, 2010.

  • Other subjects 

“Slovene Protestants in Austria,” Slovene Studies, 1985,

“Andreas Moritsch,” [necrology], Chronicle of the American Slovene Congress, 2001.

“Povezave med poročili Milesove misije in odločitvijo mirovne konference v Parizu za plebiscit na Koroškem leta 1919: kakšen dokaz so poročila sama? Prispevki za novejšo zgodovino,2005.

[with Ruxandra Comanaru]“ ‘Identity’ among the minority Slovenes of Carinthia, Austria,”Razprave in gradivo. Treatises and Documents, 2009.



University of Alberta:  $742 (1972), $530 (1975); $2,046 (1986); $1,914 (1988); $3,750 (1995); $1,815 (1996);

Social Science and Humanities Research Ottawa: $3,700 (1978); 5,825 (1981); $8,635 (1985); $84,600 (1992); $70,000 (1999-2001)

British Council: £400 (1978).

Österreichisches Bundesministerien:  ATS 12,000 (1994); ATS 243,000 (1999-2001).


University of Alberta: $410 (1975); 1,254 (1983); $1,428 (1988); $1,352 (1989); $1,457 (1990); $347 (1992); $1,000 (1993); $1,009 (1995); $415 (1995); $900 (1999); $800 (2000).

Social Science and Humanities Research Ottawa: $3,128 (1993).


McCalla Research Professorship, Faculty of Arts, University of Alberta, awarded Mar. 2000 for 2000-2001.

Faculty of Arts Research Award, April 2001

University of Alberta Killam Annual Professor, July 2001-June 2002


Slovene Studies, 1979-; editor, 1985-1995; editorial board, 1995-

Folia Slavica: editorial board, 1982-1989

Slavica Savariensia: editorial board, 1992-2002

Canadian Slavonic Papers: editorial board, 2001-2010

Razprave in gradivo: editorial board, 2010-2018